Any university essay or report that makes use of another author’s work will need formal references or citations. There are many different referencing styles – for example, some use footnotes and others use in text-citation. You will find some useful guides on the University library’s citation styles web page.

Different styles are often used in different disciplines, so it’s a good idea to check with your lecturer or course coordinator which style is most commonly used by their department. Student Learning Advisors can also help you with this. Whatever style you choose for your assignment, it’s important to make sure you use it consistently.

Commonly used citation styles

The library also offers information about EndNote, a piece of software used to manage bibliographic citations, along with free tutorials.

The following assistance is available through HEDC and the Student Learning Centre:

Online tutorials

Annotated bibliography

In this online information literacy module, you will learn:

  • how to approach the topic you have been given
  • how different types of information are organised
  • how to search for good sources
  • how to evaluate those sources
  • how to write an annotated bibliography

The module will take 30-40 minutes to complete.

Quick tip sheets

Paraphrase and summarise (PDF, 556KB)

An overview of why, and when, paraphrasing or summarising another author’s work can be useful.


For more information, and to register, see the SLC workshops page.

Plagiarism and paraphrase

This workshop explores the practical problems of avoiding plagiarism, with particular emphasis on recognising grey areas and paraphrasing appropriately. This session is a useful adjunct to that on writing a literature review.

Summarising and paraphrasing

Learn the skills necessary to paraphrase, summarise, and avoid plagiarism in your essay and report writing. This workshop will look at how to take information from other authors and present it in an original way whilst acknowledging the source of the material.